God’s One-Sided Covenant
In Genesis 15, God makes a covenant with Abram that his “reward will be very great” (Gen. 15:1). God also promises to give him land to possess (Gen 15:7). As a way to officialize this covenant with Abram, God orders him to gather a few animals, cut them in half, and create a lane bordered with their half-bodies.
He said to Him, “Bring me a heifer three years old, a female goat three years old, a ram three years old, a turtledove, and a young pigeon.” And he brought him all these, cut them in half, and laid each half over against the other.
Genesis 15:9-10 (ESV)
It is widely understood that this procedure was a common way to symbolize a serious agreement between two people at that time. After this gruesome lane was constructed, the two people who were making the agreement (or covenant) would walk between the animals. It basically meant “If you break this covenant, what has been done to
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